Scientific name: Punica granatum L.
Popular name: Pomegranate
Botanical family: Punicaceae
Portuguese name: Romã, romanzeira
Origin and Dispersion
Native to Persia, it was domesticated in Iran around 2,000 years before Christ. In the Mediterranean, it has long been a fruit of some interest. Hence it was distributed to other countries in Asia to the Americas. Another species is known, but without edible fruits.
Climate and Soil
It is a plant that adapts to tropical and subtropical climates, even in the semi-arid.
It is propagated by seeds, but, as it has cross-pollination, it can give different types. Vegetative propagation by woody cuttings is easy, as well as by layering.
There are many improved cultivars.
The fruit can be consumed naturally, such as juices and jellies or in a wine called “grenadine”. There is a syrup made from the juice. As the bark contains 30% tannin, it can be used to tan leather. It has therapeutic properties and is used in folk medicine.
Pomegranate juice contains water, sugars such as glucose and fructose, organic acids, proteins, minerals and vitamins in small amounts and makes up to 45 to 65% of the fruit's weight.
A beneficial attribute of pomegranate juice is its antioxidant effect, due to the phenolic compounds and polyphenols and tannins in its sugars, with medicinal effects.
The acidity ranges from 0.5 to 3%, and the total soluble solids range from 10 to 14º Brix.
Vitamins - It has 8 to 14 mg of vitamin C / 100 g; carotene - 0.03-0.09 mg; B1 - 0.01-0.7 mg; B3 - 0.3-0.9 mg.
Minerals - Calcium - 3-14 mg; phosphorus - 8-70 mg; iron - 0.3-1.0 mg; sodium - 4-7 mg; potassium - 133-379 mg.
Various pigments give color to the fruit, with a small percentage of tannin that gives it its bitter taste.
The seeds contain up to 15% of oil, of good value, and saturated fats are, on average, 8%, monounsaturated 10% and acids, with up to 7%.
Constituents - Flavonoids (Anthocyanins)
- Ellagic acid or ellagitannins (once not in the intestine, this molecule that is found in romãs can be transformed by intestinal bacteria into urolithin A. Switzerland published in July 2016 in the specialized journal Nature Medicine. The study was carried out in 2 animal species, nematoids and rodents, and yet to be confirmed in humans).
- Tannins (especially casca, it is estimated that casca das roots and trunk gives romã with 20% tannins)
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin B Parts used Sementes (aril of seeds) in white membranes around seeds, at the same time, flowers or husk (attention for toxicity) also used for therapeutic purposes. Effects Antioxidant (main), anti-inflammatory, antiviral, adtringent (especially romã flowers), anti-aging (see in acima constituents for more information). Effect on sexual activity (pomegranate increases the levels of testosterone in 24%, according to a British study).
- Prevention of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension (complementary measure that requires clinical studies to demonstrate its use for this indication).
- Prevention of certain cancers (in this case new clinical studies are also needed), as in the case of breast cancer, prostate cancer or colon cancer
- It can have a positive effect on sexual activity.
- It could have an anti-aging effect, as shown by an EPFL study in Switzerland, published in July 2016 (read in Constituents above for more information). Pomegranate flowers
- DiarrheaSide effectsNone known (our opinion). ContraindicationsNone known (our opinion) .The bark, both of the pseudofruit and of the roots, must be consumed with great care due to the presence of toxic alkaloids, which can lead to intoxication. (our opinion) .Preparations– Seeds with aryl (“seed flesh”) - Pomegranate juice (see notes) - Pomegranate flower infusion– Pomegranate capsules (usually take 2-3 grams of pomegranate powder daily) Where Pomegranate is a small shrub of Asian origin, but nowadays the pomegranate also grows in several warm non-Asian countries, especially in the tropics and subtropics. There are important pomegranate crops in California and also in India and Australia. The pomegranate tree reaches a height between 2 and 7 m. In Europe, flowering occurs from May to September. Observations Pomegranate is a fruit with a delicious flavor and can be very beneficial for everyone's health. Its seeds are used for eating them pure or in the form of pomegranate juice to ensure a significant antioxidant effect, because we know that pomegranate juice contains more antioxidant substances than just seeds (and seed arils), because the juice is extracted from from the whole fruit with white membranes neighboring the seeds. You should know that pomegranate has a greater antioxidant effect in green tea. Thanks to its antioxidant juice, pomegranate can be recommended in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer. In the past, France produced the famous “grenadine” syrup with pomegranate juice. Currently, this syrup is produced by synthetic products without pomegranates. - In the Bible, pomegranates are mentioned several times, especially in the Old Testament, in Canticles (Canticles Chap. 4 Ver. 3), where we read: “And their faces are like the halves of the pomegranate under the veil ”. Proof that the Jews valued this plant for thousands of years. Pomegranate is also mentioned in Islamic art. The ancient Egyptians were also very fond of this fruit, whether in art or mythology.
Sources: DONADIO, L.C .; ZACCARO, R.P. Nutritional value of fruits, web magazine cria saúde